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为了保障婚姻质量,可以设想问一问

15) Does each of us feel fully confident in the other’s commitment to the marriage and believe that the bond can survive whatever challenges we may face?

2) Do we have a clear idea of each other’s financial obligations and goals, and do our ideas about spending and saving mesh?

12. 我身上有哪些东西是你比较欣赏的,又有哪些是你不能忍受的?

Can you imagine the challenges ever outweighing the admiration? If so, what would you do? Anne Klaeysen, a leader of the New York Society for Ethical Culture, said that couples rarely consider that second question. Ideally, marriage is a life commitment, she said, and it’s not enough to just “click together,” as many couples describe their relationship. A marriage must go deeper than that original “click.”

你知道有些挑战会消磨你对伴侣的爱慕之情吗?如果知道,你会怎么办?纽约道德文化学会(New York Society for Ethical Culture)的一名负责人安·克莱伊森(Anne Klaeysen)表示,情侣们很少考虑第二个问题。她说,在理想的情况下,婚姻是一生一世的相守,仅有“一见钟情”是不够的。这个词是很多情侣在描述他们的关系时会用到的。但婚姻必须比最初的“钟情”走得更加深入。

  1. How do you see us 10 years from now?

2) Do we have a clear idea of each other’s financial obligations and goals, and do our ideas about spending and saving mesh?

critical questions before marrying. Here are a few key ones that

4. 宗教的重要性有多大?如果要庆祝宗教节日的话,会是怎样的形式?

If two people come from different religious backgrounds, is each going to pursue his or her own religious affiliation? Dr. Scuka has worked with couples on encouraging honest discussion around this issue as the executive director of the National Institute of Relationship Enhancement. What is more, spouses are especially likely to experience conflict over religious traditions when children are added to the mix, according to Dr. Wilcox. If the couple decide to have children, they must ask how thechildren’s religious education will be handled. It is better to have a plan, he said.

倘若二人来自不同的宗教背景,是各自践行自身的宗教吗?担任全美关系增进研究所执行总监期间,斯库卡博士为一些伴侣提供咨询的时候鼓励他们就这类议题进行坦率的讨论。威尔科克斯表示,除此之外,当涉及到子女的时候,配偶之间尤其容易因宗教传统产生冲突。如果两人决定要小孩,他们必须探讨如何处理孩子的宗教教育问题。他说,最好是有所规划。

  1. Is my debt your debt? Would you be willing to bail me out?

4) Have we fully disclosed our health histories, both physical and mental?

  1. 我们要不要孩子?如果要,主要由谁来负责?

  2. 我们的家庭赚钱能力及目标是什么?消费观及储蓄观会不会发生冲突?

  3. 我们的家庭如何维持?由谁来掌握可能出现的风险?

  4. 我们有没有详尽地交换过双方的疾病史?包括精神上的.

  5. 我们父母的态度有没有达到我们的预期?会不会给足够的祝福?

  6. 我们有没有自然、坦诚地说出自己的性需求、性的偏好及恐惧?

  7. 卧室能放电视机吗?

  8. 我们真的能倾听对方诉说,并公平对待对方的想法和抱怨吗?

13. 你觉得十年后的我们会是什么样?

Keeping the answer to this question in mind can help a couple deal with current conflict as they work toward their ultimate relationship goals, according to Mr. Eisenberg.

艾森伯格认为,将你对这个问题的答案记在心里,会有助于配偶一边努力实现自己在婚姻关系上的终极目标,一边解决眼下的冲突。

Dr. Wilcox said this discussion could also be an opportunity to raise the question of whether each partner will consider divorce if the relationship deteriorates, or whether they expect marriage to be for life, come what may.

威尔科克斯表示,这种讨论也提供了一个机会,让你可以了解伴侣是否会在双方关系恶化时考虑离婚,还是说他们觉得,不管发生什么,婚姻都是一辈子的事。

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我的家庭最让你心烦的事情是什么?

8) Do we truly listen to each other and fairly consider one another’s ideas and complaints?

13 Questions to Ask Before Getting Married

如果我们中的一人需要离开其家族所在地陪同另一个人到外地工作,做得到吗?

15) Does each of us feel fully confident in the other’s commitment to the marriage and believe that the bond can survive whatever challenges we may face?

1. 当有分歧发生的时候,你的家人是会摔盘子、冷静地讨论,还是缄口不言?

A relationship’s success is based on how differences are dealt with, said Peter Pearson, a founder of the Couples Institute. As we are all shaped by our family’s dynamic, he said, this question will give you insight into whether your partner will come to mimic the conflict resolution patterns of his or her parents or avoid them.

伴侣研究所(Couples Institute)的创始人之一彼得·皮尔逊(Peter Pearson)指出,一段关系的成功与否取决于如何应对分歧。他说,鉴于我们都会受到自己家庭的影响,这个问题将让你一窥伴侣到底是会模仿父母的冲突化解方式,还是会加以避免。

  1. Will we have children, and if we do, will you change diapers?

6) Can we comfortably and openly discuss our sexual needs, preferences and fears?

6) Can we comfortably and openly discuss our sexual needs, preferences and fears?

6. 为一辆车、一张沙发或一双鞋,你最多愿意花多少钱?

Couples should make sure they are on the same page in terms of financial caution or recklessness. Buying a car is a great indicator, according to Mr. Hertz. Couples can also frame this question around what they spend reckless amounts of money on, he said.

情侣们应该确保他们在财务上的谨慎或冒进程度是一致的。据赫兹博士讲,买一辆车是个不错的衡量指标。他说,情侣们也可以把问题换成,他们会在哪些东西上无所顾忌地花钱。

  1. Can you deal with my doing things without you?

我们父母的态度有没有达到我们的预期?会不会给足够的祝福?

  1. 我们喜欢并尊重对方的朋友吗?

婚前必须要问的13个问题

导读:「婚前13问」来自于纽约时报,BY: ELEANOR STANFORD | NewYorkTimes

When it comes to marriage, what you don’t know really can hurt you.

谈到婚姻,无知的确会构成伤害。

Whether because of shyness, disinterest or a desire to preserve romantic mystery, many couples do not ask each other the difficult questions that can help build the foundation for a stable marriage, according to relationship experts.

情感专家表示,无论是出于害羞、不关心,还是希望保留浪漫的神秘感,许多伴侣并不会互相询问可以帮助建立稳固婚姻基础但是难以回答的问题。

In addition to wanting someone with whom they can raise children and build a secure life, those considering marriage now expect their spouses to be both best friend and confidant. These romantic-comedy expectations, in part thanks to Hollywood, can be difficult to live up to.

除了希望找到一个人生儿育女、安稳地共度余生,那些想要结婚的人如今还期望另一半还是最好的朋友和知己。这种浪漫爱情喜剧般的期待一定程度上要拜好莱坞所赐,然而这并不容易办到。

Sure, there are plenty of questions couples can ask of each other early in the relationship to help ensure a good fit, but let’s face it: most don’t.

诚然,在关系的早期,伴侣之间可以提出许许多多的问题来保证彼此般配。不过说实话,多数人并不会开口。

“If you don’t deal with an issue before marriage, you deal with it while you’re married,” said Robert Scuka, the executive director of the National Institute of Relationship Enhancement. It can be hard to keep secrets decade after decade, and reticence before the wedding can lead to disappointments down the line.

“有问题如果不在婚前处理的话,就需要在婚后处理,”全美关系增进研究所(National Institute of Relationship Enhancement)的执行总监罗伯特·斯库卡(Robert Scuka)说。实在是很难年复一年地保守秘密,而婚前的缄默可能会导致后面的失望。

The following questions, intimate and sometimes awkward, are designed to spark honest discussions and possibly give couples a chance to spill secrets before it’s too late.

以下这些问题性质私密,有些还会带来尴尬,但它们的目的是激发开诚布公的讨论,给情侣们一个在无可挽回之前分享秘密的机会。

  1. Did your family throw plates, calmly discuss issues or silently shut down when disagreements arose?

我们真的能倾听对方诉说,并公平对待对方的想法和抱怨吗?

11. 我们能不能看重并尊敬对方的父母?我们有没考虑到父母可能会干涉我们的关系?

9. 性对你来说有多重要?

Couples today expect to remain sexually excited by their spouse, anexpectation that did not exist in the past, according to Mr. Eisenberg. A healthy relationship will include discussion of what partners enjoy about sex as well as how often they expect to have it, Dr. Klein said. If people are looking to experience different things through sex — pleasure versus feeling young, for example — some negotiation may be required to ensure both partners remain satisfied.

艾森伯格表示,如今的情侣期待能对伴侣在性方面保持兴奋感,这在过去的夫妻身上是没有的。克莱因博士认为,在一段健康的关系中,双方应该能讨论彼此在性方面的喜好和欢爱的频率。如果双方期待通过性所获得东西不一样,比如一方想获得愉悦,另一方想藉此感觉年轻,可能就需要进行协商,以确保双方都能继续得到满足感。

  1. How far should we take flirting with other people? Is watching pornography O.K.?

我们的家庭如何维持?由谁来掌握可能出现的风险?

4) Have we fully disclosed our health histories, both physical and mental?

11. 你知道都有哪些表达“我爱你”的方式吗?

Gary Chapman’s 1992 book, “The 5 Love Languages,” introduced this means of categorizing expressions of love to strengthen a marriage. Ms. Martinez hands her premarriage clients a list of the five love languages: affirmation, quality time, receiving gifts, acts of service and physical touch. She asks them to mark their primary and secondary languages and what they think is their partner’s, and discuss them. Mr. Eisenberg said that a couple needs to work out how to nurture the relationship, in a way specific to them.

在1992年的著作《五种爱之语》(The 5 Love Languages)里,加里·查普曼(Gary Chapman)介绍了这种区分表达爱的方式以巩固婚姻的方式。马丁内斯给她那些即将结婚的客户列出了这五种爱之语:肯定、愉悦时光、接到礼物、为对方服务、身体接触。她让他们在其中标出自己的第一和第二爱之语,也标出他们认为伴侣比较多采用的两种,然后进行讨论。艾森伯格表示,伴侣需要搞清楚如何用一种他们独有的方式增进彼此的关系。

  1. What do you admire about me, and what are your pet peeves?

14) If one of us were to be offered a career opportunity in a location far from the other’s family, are we prepared to move?

5) Is my partner affectionate to the degree that I expect?

5. 一方有债,是否共同承担?你是否愿意在经济上资助我?

It’s important to know how your partner feels about financial self-sufficiency and whether he or she expects you to keep your resources separate, said Frederick Hertz, a divorce lawyer. Disclosing debts is very important. Equally, if there is a serious discrepancy between your incomeand your partner’s, Dr. Scuka recommended creating a basic budget according to proportional incomes. Many couples fail to discuss sharing finances, though it is crucial, he said.

离婚律师弗雷德里克·赫兹(Frederick Hertz)表示,重要的一点是了解你的伴侣对财务独立的看法,了解他或她是否希望将你们的财务分开管理。向伴侣披露自己的债务信息,是非常重要的。同样地,如果你和伴侣之间收入差异很大,斯库卡博士会建议你们根据收入比例,建立一个基本的支出预算。他说有很多情侣不谈论分担财务的问题,尽管这点极为重要。

  1. What’s the most you would be willing to spend on a car, a couch, shoes?

我们是不是充满信心面对任何挑战使婚姻一直往前走?

3) Have we discussed our expectations for how the household will be maintained, and are we in agreement on who will manage the chores?

8. 我们喜欢彼此的父母吗?

As long as you and your partner present a united front, having a bad relationship with your in-laws can be manageable, Dr. Scuka said. But if a spouse is not willing to address the issue with his or her parents, it can bode very poorly for the long-term health of the relationship, he said. At the same time, Dr. Pearson said, considering the strengths and weaknesses of your parents can illuminate future patterns of attachment or distancing in your own relationship.

斯库卡认为,只要你和伴侣立场统一,和姻亲关系不好的问题就是可控的。但他说如果一方不愿面对和解决与他或她父母有关的问题,对二人关系长远的健康发展而言,就不是一个好兆头。与此同时,皮尔逊博士表示,分析你父母的优点和缺点,对了解二人未来的伴侣关系中的依恋或疏远模式,会有所启发。

  1. How important is sex to you?

7) Will there be a television in the bedroom?

7) Will there be a television in the bedroom?

10. 与他人的调情可以进行到什么程度?看色情作品可以接受吗?

Dr. Klein said couples should discuss their attitudes about pornography,flirting and expectations for sexual exclusivity. A couple’s agreement on behavior in this area can, and most likely will, change down the line, he said, but it is good to set the tone early on so both partners are comfortable discussing it. Ideally, sexual exclusivity should be talked about in the same way as other day-to-day concerns, so that problems can be dealt withbefore a partner becomes angry, he said. Dr. Pearson suggested asking your partner outright for his or her views on pornography. Couples are often too scared to ask about this early in the relationship, but he has frequently seen it become a point of tension down the line, he said.

克莱因表示,情侣们应该谈论各自在色情作品、调情,以及双方保持排他的性关系等问题上的看法。他说,情侣双方就此达成的一致意见,很有可能还会在以后发生改变,但在早期定下调子是件好事,这样双方就可以自然地讨论这类问题。他说,比较理想的是,应该像谈论日常关心的其他事一样,谈论排他的性关系,这样就提前处理了可能会出现的问题,避免出现惹怒对方的情况。皮尔逊建议坦率地问问你的伴侣对色情作品是什么看法。他说,情侣在关系发展的早期通常不敢问对方这个问题,但这点往往会在以后成为导致双方关系紧张的一个方面。

  1. Do you know all the ways I say “I love you”?

8) Do we truly listen to each other and fairly consider one another’s ideas and complaints?

9) Have we reached a clear understanding of each other’s spiritual beliefs and needs, and have we discussed when and how our children will be exposed to religious/moral education?

7. 你能接受我不带你,自己去做一些事吗?

Going into marriage, many people hope to keep their autonomy in certain areas of their life at the same time they are building a partnership with their spouse, according to Seth Eisenberg, the president of Pairs (Practical Application of Intimate Relationship Skills). This means they may be unwilling to share hobbies or friends, and this can lead to tension and feelings of rejection if it isn’t discussed. Couples may also have different expectations as to what “privacy” means, added Dr. Klein, and that should be discussed, too. Dr. Wilcox suggested asking your partner when he or shemost needs to be alone.

培训机构“亲密关系技能实际应用”(Practical Application of Intimate Relationship Skills,简称PARIS)的总裁塞斯·艾森伯格(Seth Eisenberg)认为,在走进婚姻的时候,很多人在和配偶构筑伙伴关系的同时,也会想在某些生活领域保持自己的独立性。这意味着,他们可能不愿分享自己的爱好或朋友,如果不就这个进行沟通,有可能会让另一方产生被排斥感,导致二人关系紧张。克莱因博士则表示,对于尊重“隐私”到底意味着什么,双方也可能会有不一样的期待,同样需要就此进行讨论。威尔科克斯博士建议,可以问一问你的伴侣,他或她在什么情况下最需要个人空间。

  1. Do we like each other’s parents?

5) Is my partner affectionate to the degree that I expect?

12) What does my family do that annoys you?

3. 与前任在一起的经历对我们是会有所帮助还是阻碍?

Bradford Wilcox, the director of the National Marriage Project at the University of Virginia, pointed to research his organization has sponsoredthat indicated that having had many serious relationships can pose a risk for divorce and lower marital quality. (This can be because of a person having more experience with serious breakups and potentially comparing a current partner unfavorably with past ones.) Raising these issues early on can help, Dr. Wilcox said. Dr. Klein said people are “hesitant to explicitly talk about their past” and can feel retroactively jealous or judgmental. “The only real way to have those conversations in an intimate and productive way and loving way is to agree to accept that the other person had a life before the couple,” he said.

弗吉尼亚大学全美婚姻项目(National Marriage Project)的主任布拉德福德·威尔科克斯(Bradford Wilcox),援引旗下团队支持的研究指出,假如之前有过许多严肃的关系,则可能带来离婚或婚姻质量较低的风险。(或许是因为,这样的人经历了更多惨痛的分手,可能会将当下的伴侣与前任进行不利的比较。)威尔科克斯博士认为,一早提出这些问题会有所帮助。克莱因博士则称,大家“不愿直截了当地谈及过去”,还可能对以前的事情产生嫉妒或苛责的感觉。“以亲密、有效且关爱的方式进行此类对话的唯一办法是,接受对方和你在一起之前是有历史的,”他说。

  1. How important is religion? How will we celebrate religious holidays, if at all?

11) Do we value and respect each other’s parents, and is either of us concerned about whether the parents will interfere with the relationship?

9. 我们清晰地了解对方的精神需求及信仰吗?我们讨论过孩子将来的信仰问题吗?

2. 我们是否会生小孩?如果生的话,你会换尿布吗?

With the question of children, it is important to not just say what you think your partner wants to hear, according to Debbie Martinez, a divorce and relationship coach. Before marrying, couples should honestly discuss if they want children. How many do they want? At what point do they want to have them? And how do they imagine their roles as parents? Talking about birth-control methods before planning a pregnancy is also important, saidMarty Klein, a sex and marriage therapist.

离婚与情感问题顾问黛比·马丁内兹(Debbie Martinez)表示,谈到孩子的问题,重要的是,不要只说你觉得伴侣爱听的话。结婚之前,情侣们应该坦率地讨论是否生小孩?生几个?什么时候生?想象中自己当父母会是怎么样的?性爱与婚姻咨询师马蒂·克莱因(Marty Klein)表示,在计划怀孕之前讨论避孕方法也很重要。

  1. Will our experiences with our exes help or hinder us?

我们清晰地了解对方的精神需求及信仰吗?我们讨论过孩子将来的信仰问题吗?

  1. 我们是不是充满信心面对任何挑战使婚姻一直往前走?

我们有没有详尽地交换过双方的疾病史?包括精神上的。

Relationship experts report that too many couples fail to ask each other

我们永远不会因为婚姻放弃的东西是什么?

13) Are there some things that you and I are NOT prepared to give up in the marriage?

9) Have we reached a clear understanding of each other’s spiritual beliefs and needs, and have we discussed when and how our children will be exposed to religious/moral education?

14. 如果我们中的一人需要离开其家族所在地陪同另一个人到外地工作,做得到吗?

1) Have we discussed whether or not to have children, and if the answer is yes, who is going to be the primary care giver?

11) Do we value and respect each other’s parents, and is either of us concerned about whether the parents will interfere with the relationship?

10) Do we like and respect each other’s friends?

14) If one of us were to be offered a career opportunity in a location far from the other’s family, are we prepared to move?

我们能不能看重并尊敬对方的父母?我们有没考虑到父母可能会干涉我们的关系?

  1. 我的家庭最让你心烦的事情是什么?

  2. 我们永远不会因为婚姻放弃的东西是什么?

Relationship experts report that too many couples fail to ask each other critical questions before marrying. Here are a few key ones that couples should consider asking:

1) Have we discussed whether or not to have children, and if the answer is yes, who is going to be the primary care giver?

卧室能放电视机吗?

10) Do we like and respect each other’s friends?

3) Have we discussed our expectations for how the household will be maintained, and are we in agreement on who will manage the chores?

原文:

结婚前夫妻们彼此会互相问很多关键的问题,下面有几个关键点是夫妻们需要考虑问对方的:

couples should consider asking:

我们喜欢并尊重对方的朋友吗?

12) What does my family do that annoys you?

我们要不要孩子?如果要,主要由谁来负责?

我们的家庭赚钱能力及目标是什么?消费观及储蓄观会不会发生冲突?

我们有没有自然、坦诚地说出自己的性需求、性的偏好及恐惧?

13) Are there some things that you and I are NOT prepared to give up in the marriage?

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